Aromatic Chemistry Definition :

In several disciplines, such as organic synthesis, materials science, and pharmaceuticals, aromatic molecules are essential. They are essential components in the creation of medications, scents, colours, and polymers. Designing novel molecules with particular functions and uses requires an understanding of the characteristics and reactivity of aromatic compounds.
Benzene (C6H6), an aromatic molecule with a six-membered ring and alternating single and double bonds, is the most well-known example of an aromatic compound. Many additional aromatic chemicals, including toluene, phenol, and aniline, have benzene as their parent compound. Furan, pyridine, and thiophene are further compounds that are classified as aromatic because they include heteroatoms such as sulphur, nitrogen, and oxygen, respectively.

The field of aromatic chemistry encompasses much more than just the basics. Heteroatoms, which are compounds with one or more non-carbon atoms in the ring, are essential to the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. Furthermore, not all structures are thought to be aromatic; some linear and three-dimensional structures can also possess aromatic properties.
Aromatic molecules are important in a number of domains:

Drugs:

Aromatic rings are found in many medications, which enhances their biological action. Aspirin is one example of a substance with a benzene ring in its structure.

Science of Materials:

A variety of products, including polymers and pigments, are made using aromatic chemicals. One polymer that comes from the aromatic chemical styrene is polystyrene.

Environmental Chemistry:

Understanding the behavior of aromatic compounds is important in environmental chemistry, as some PAHs are pollutants that need to be monitored and controlled.